What you need to know about nappy rash

What you need to know about nappy rash

Even the best cared for babies may experience nappy rash. Your baby’s tender skin is delicate and can be irritated by stools, urine, humidity, detergents, soaps, alcohol and chemicals in lotions and oils.

How to recognise nappy rash

Nappy rash symptoms can vary from a shiny patch of red skin, scaly skin, spotty, bright red skin if the rash becomes secondarily infected.

Why does it occur?

There may be no obvious reason for nappy rash occurring in your child. Some babies have more sensitive skin than others and even the best cared for babies may experience nappy rash. The most common cause is when the skin becomes inflamed after contact with the chemicals in urine, faeces or both. Nappy rash is most likely to occur if nappies are not changed often enough of if the baby has diarrhoea. Friction caused by the nappy rubbing against baby’s delicate skin and washing detergents not thoroughly rinsed out of reusable nappies can also contribute to the development of nappy rash.

When is nappy rash most likely to occur?

Nappy rash can happen at any time and there may be no obvious reason as some babies naturally have more sensitive skin and may be more prone to the condition.
However, there are certain times where babies are more susceptible to nappy rash, such as:
– During teething
– Changing from breast to bottle feeding
– When starting on solid foods
– After antibiotics, which can upset baby’s digestive system
– Drinking cow’s milk for the first time
– Eating acidic foods such as citrus, tomatoes and strawberries


Is nappy rash serious?

The extent of nappy rash can vary greatly. The burning and itching feeling of nappy rash may cause baby to be uncomfortable, irritable and restless. While it may be sore for baby the good news is that it is usually not serious.

How to prevent and treat nappy rash

There are a number of ways to prevent baby from getting nappy rash:
– Change baby’s nappy as soon as possible after soiling
– Carefully wash the nappy area using warm water and cotton wool
– Use a fragrance and alcohol free baby wipe
– Work in some nappy free time to let the skin breath
– Change the nappy before putting baby down to sleep
– If a reusable nappy is used, wash in a mild washing powder or detergent and always rinse nappies well.

If the rash persists, speak to your doctor or healthcare professional.

The application of Sudocrem will assist in easing the symptoms of nappy rash and help keep your baby happy!

Sudocrem Healing Cream can help to soothe, heal and protect skin from Nappy Rash. To find out more about Sudocrem please visit our FAQ page here.

Always read the label. Use only as directed. If symptoms persist, consult your health care professional.

Is your baby ready for solids?

Is your baby ready for solids?

The recommended age for starting solids is around 6 months. Every baby is different and some babies may be ready earlier but it is not recommended before 4 months.


How do I know my baby is ready for solids?

– Baby has good head and neck control
– Baby watches you eat and may try to get your attention by making noises (‘talking to you’) or reaching out for your food
– Milk feeds alone are no longer satisfying

Signs they are not ready

Baby’s tongue tends to push food out, this is the extrusion reflex and it disappears around six months. Baby is not ready for solids until this has disappeared.

Signs they are ready

Mouth opens as food approaches and closes around spoon. Tongue no longer pushes food out. Tongue moves food to the back of the mouth for swallowing.

Starting solids is a significant milestone for every mother and baby. Giving your baby the right start is so important to their ongoing development.

Iron-enriched rice cereal is the ideal first food because:
– Rice is the least allergenic of all cereals
– Iron-enriched rice cereal is designed to create the perfect texture for first foods
– It does not contain added salt, sugar, preservatives or artificial additives
– Regular adult cereals are not appropriate for babies as they contain less iron, more salt and sugar and more fibre than specially designed infant cereals.

Even when babies are enjoying a wide variety of foods, iron-enriched cereal remains the most important source of iron, at least for the first 18 months[1].

There is a wide variety of infant cereals available in the supermarket to expand your baby’s repertoire and taste experience as they grow (check the label to make sure the infant cereal you are buying is fortified with iron).

Introducing solids

– Offer solids after the milk feed
– Start with a very small amount, about 1 teaspoon
– Use a small soft-tipped teaspoon
– Start with a single food first
– Increase the quantity over several days, up to 2-4 tablespoons
– Baby doesn’t have to finish every mouthful, let their appetite guide them
– Once baby has had rice cereal for a few days, you can introduce mashed apples or pears and then continue to increase variety

Try mashing pear, peaches, apricots, sweet potato, carrots or parsnip. Refrigerate or freeze any remaining mash. Always throw out remaining leftovers from baby’s bowl.

Never refreeze foods that have been frozen and thawed and don’t re-freeze leftovers from baby’s bowl. Throw them out.

If using commercial baby foods, always transfer a small portion of the food to baby’s own feeding bowl using a clean spoon and feed baby from his bowl. This way, the unused baby food will retain its quality and can be stored safely according to the manufacturer’s directions (usually for 24-48 hours in the fridge). It can then be served again at the next meal.

Exposing baby to a wide variety of tastes helps reduce the risk of them becoming a fussy eater.
Baby may screw up his nose at a new food simply because he is unfamiliar with it. It can take up to 10 times of trying a new food before baby learns to like it.

As the parent, you decide what foods to offer and let baby choose how much to eat.

Remember, your baby does not need teeth to chew!

Adding variety

– Introduce one new food at a time
– Offer it for 3-5 days before introducing a new food
– It doesn’t matter in what order you introduce vegetables and fruits
– Gradually increase the texture from smooth to mashed and include soft lumps
– Finely fork-mashed, soft cooked fruits and vegetables are good choices

Did you know?

A 7-month-old baby needs more iron than his father. The RDI* for iron for an adult male is 8mg, and for a 7-12 month infant it is 11mg (Reference: Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand. Commonwealth of Australia 2006).

Why is iron important?

– Iron is essential for brain development and prevention of infection
– Iron is important for making healthy blood cells and helping to transport oxygen around the body
– Baby is born with a natural store of iron but this starts to decline from about 6 months of age
– Breastmilk or infant formula alone is not an adequate source of iron for babies older than 6 months

What foods contain iron?

Cereal foods, including iron-enriched infant cereal, remain baby’s most important source of iron for the first 2 years of life.

Foods that are rich in Vitamin C, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, can help improve the absorption of iron from foods.

Lean red meat is also an important source of iron and can be included in your baby’s diet from around 6 months – finely minced for them to eat easily. Lean chicken, pork, fish and eggs can also be introduced at this time but contain less iron than red meat.

Freezing Tips

– Use an ice block tray, or freezer pot suitable for individual servings.
– Defrost blocks as you need them.
– If food appears a bit runny after defrosting, add a little iron-fortified rice cereal to thicken.

Why does my 18-month-old still need infant cereal?

Infant cereals are specially designed to meet the iron needs of babies up to two years of age. They provide a range of cereal grains in appropriate texture, offering variety of tastes without addition of sugar or salt. Most adult cereals do contain salt and sugar, which are not necessary in baby’s diet.

Can I give my baby cereals for older children?

Cereals for older children may contain sugar, salt and artificial additives which baby does not need. Minimally processed cereals such as rolled oats, contain no added sugar or salt, however are not iron fortified. Check the label on cereals for sugar, salt and iron to see if they are present. Please carefully consider your child’s health (including any allergies) when choosing food for your child. For concerns about the suitability of a recipe or particular food for your child, please consult your healthcare professional.

*RDI – Recommended Dietary Intake

1. Karen Webb et al. Foods, nutrients and portions consumed by a sample of Australian children aged 16-24 months. Nutrition and Dietetics 2008; 65: 56-65
2. Australian Society for Clinical Immunology & Allergy (ASCIA). Infant Feeding Advice 2008

This article was written by the Heinz Infant Feeding Advisory Service (HIFAS) September 2011.

Checking for head lice

Checking for head lice

It’s advisable to check all members of your family at least once a week, especially if you have school-age children.

Choose a comfortable, well lit area.

Hair can either be dry or wet (use water or conditioner). Comb thorough the hair with an ordinary comb to get rid of any tangles.

You may find a magnifying glass helpful to check that what you have found is an insect rather than a flake of skin or dirt.

If you are using conditioner the comb may need rinsing during checking.

After use, wash your comb with clean soapy water and then thoroughly rinse and dry before storing in a dry place.

Treatment should only be undertaken if live lice are found. If nits, but no lice are found after thoroughly checking then these are likely to be from an old infection which is no longer current and treatment is not necessary.

Should you find head lice in your child you will need to treat them. We recommend Hedrin. If you have any questions about Hedrin please visit our FAQ page here.


Terrific Toilet Training Tips

Terrific Toilet Training Tips

Good advice to parents is to start toilet-training as soon as their child shows any signs of awareness of their bladder and bowel function. A timely start can be made by always changing a young toddler in the toilet/bathroom, with a “no fuss” approach. Sitting a toddler on a potty for 1-2 minutes at each nappy change time is recommended from the time a child learns to walk.

It is believed that delays and/or difficulties with toilet-training can contribute to bladder and/or bowel problems that many older children experience. Delay with starting toilet-training is common today, but not always helpful. The ongoing use of disposable nappies/pullups when a pre-schooler is aware of their bladder and bowel function is a likely recipe for problems down the track with toilet-training. When nappies/pullups are not removed in a timely manner they can become “portable toilets” from a child’s view-point.

Some children learn toilet skills quite quickly, while others can be hesitant and take much longer. Patience is required. Children will learn more quickly when learning the skills of toileting is fun and everyone involved in caring for them approaches toilet-training the same way. Picture story books, role playing with a favourite doll/teddy and simple rewards all can help to make the process enjoyable.

However sometimes all does not go according to plan, and toilet-training can become a source of stress for children and their parents. If this happens take a short break of a few weeks or months, then try again. Many parents who experience difficulties with toilet-training their child feel isolated. Seeking help from a health care professional for further guidance with toilet-training can shed fresh light on the subject and renew a child’s enthusiasm to learn.

There are services available that provide assistance to many families where there are difficulties with toilet-training, day-wetting, soiling and bed-wetting.

This article was written by Elaine Sutton of Conquip Continence Service. Some of Elaine’s qualifications include: GradDipAdvNsg, Div 1 Reg Nurse, MRCNA and Certificate in Continence Promotion. Elaine is a mother of three and Grandmother to 5 all in primary and preschool years. Elaine works with children and their parents to assist with toilet training and night wetting.